Sunday, July 1, 2012

Origin of the name "Puliyamparamba"

I had contacted many old and young people to know the origin of the name of my birth place "puliyamparamba". I had got the history of this land but nobody given me any clue about the origin of the name. After an analysis of the history of this land and the surrounding villages I suppose that the name originated from "Pulayan Paramb", that this land may be owned by "Pulayans" (also PulayarPulaya, or Pulayas or Holeya or Cheramar, are one of the main social groups found in Kerala), later they may be converted to Islam or left their land during Tipu invasion. The word "Paramb" means land in malayalam.

Villagers used to call the "Pulayan paramb" (Pulayar land) as "Pulen paramb" and later it changed to pulayamparamba then puliyamparamba.

The neighboring village names "Karuvankallu" originated from "Karente kallu"  later "karen kallu" ( kallu means stone and karen is the caste name in local languge for black smith), this stone was used to sharpen the knifes.

Another neighboring village name "Kummini paramb" shows that this name was given to the land of Kummini ( a lady name, may be a pulayar lady name or may be a name of a Goddess). Kummini paramba means "the land of Kummini".

Sunday, July 6, 2008

The history of the land

(It is not to hurt anybody, I have written what I felt and what I saw. It is only my feelings, it may be correct or partially correct, but not fully can also contribute to make it complete....) Search for knowledge is my passion and I become crazy if it can bring new information. When I bring new informations, I dont mind whether this informations are supported by others or whether they agree it or not. Perhaps, it may be new information to me not to others. Anyway, quest for knowledge and new is my blood.

Here I am presenting you the history of my family, which is not complete, and perfect. Many of important links are missing here and the idea of this blog also to find that missing elements. We know that two heads are better than one, we can join the missing elements when you can contribute something in it. So, I welcome your contributio with pleasure. My qust for my family history started not in a night or in a day. Which has been being in my heart since I got the knowledge to differentiate things, since I started to mingle with others and when I heard "Puliyamparamba means thottoli" from other people. They used to tell the phrase becasue of the population of thottoli family in puliyamapramba. And when I got a different treatment from the politically strong, financially strong, educationally strong "Kunnummal" and "Chemban" families.

In Islam, nothing important than being a muslim or mu-imin. But, many of the situations, I felt that the people have been classified according to their origin, color, and money. These feelings are the quest for the search of my blood root. According to Islam we are originated from same blood "Adam" and "Havva". I dont know, how this classifications came in to existance. It is true that, Quran and Hadis opposing the classification and discrimionation according to the race, skin etc., eventhough, we can find some discrimiation in the Islamic history also. Abraham family, Kureshi family etc., even if it is originated from tha same father and mother. The best exmple fromkeral is the Panakkad family. In my village also, people have been discriminated on their family name and blood (Hidden discrimination). This discrimination will be utmost if the other side is illiterate, uneducated and pennyless.

The history of Thottoli in puliyamparamba starts with the history of puliyamparamba itself and we have to read it with the kerala history. If we go beyond the 8 or 10 generations, we can find that we were not Muslims and Christians, but followed Hindu culture. The same als found here in the history of puliyamparamba and its member families. From the history we learned that, the lands were with Zamindaries and the Zamindary came from the hindu classification of people. The zamindaries gave their lands to a middle man on lease for culrivation. The conditions was 10 para rice per acre land or something like that. The lands of puliyamparmaba also with a zamindar. The history starts here.

The Thirurangadi-Kondotty main road passing through the heart of the puliyamparamba was constructed by the Mysore Tiger "Tippu sulthan", but that time they had not constructed the cherala palam (cherala bridge) over the cheral stream. I feel that the history of that region starts with the cheral stream. The lands of puliyamparamba and both sides of the cheral stream also belonged to a zameendar (from a big Mana from kumminiparamba, sorry, I did not find the name and origin of teha Mana) and the lands were with Thottoli Moideen Kutty and who used to cultivate rice, tapioca, banana, pepper, beetle etc., Moideen Kutty owned tha land of teh eastern side of teh Tippu sultan road (eastern side of the main road) , a part with grand father of Raman (family name searching) another part with Kunnummal Mana(now Kunnummal Family).

The History of Thottoli Moideen Kutty is unknown (searching), where did he come? How did he got the family name Thottoli? These questions are remaining to get answer. I found that Thottoli families in Pallikkal Bazar, Manjery, Vayanad also , but , I did not find any connecting matter between them (searching). My search on net gave me some new information also, the families with thottoli name are not only in malappuram, all over the Kerala and in Andhrapradesh also. (The question is that how did they got Thottoli, is there any connection between us). I found muslim, hindu and christian with the same family name. I became surprised and excited when I got a case information from Madra High Court that , the case on which a Ayyarakam Kovilakath Rama varma raja from Thottoli Kottaram included. Thottoli kottaram? and William Logan also mentioned the Kovilakam in Malabar Manual. So, I see a deep study needed to find the origin of Thottoli name.

I know the history from Moiden kutty only. He used to cultivate rice and took the leas amount (some amount of para rice) to the Kumminiparamba Mana. He got six children namely Marakkar, Alavi, Pokutty, Aymudu, Fathumma kutty and Beeran Kutty.

Puliyamparamba got a mosque(masjid), the land of which was owned by the thottoli fmaily once. But that time nobody used legal documents for the lands, but only walls of throne something like that and verbally owned the lands. During the Communist government, land reformation took place. Kumminiparmaba Mana's land divided to the people who worked in that land and Kunnummal family also claimed (catched) som elands during that confusion. Moideen Kutty lost his control over his leased lands and his own lands also divided among the people. Finally Kunnummal family became the largest land owner in puliyamapramba. Thottoli family filed a case during Manuppa Kunnummal time and failed because of not having legal documents. Now itself they are claiming the ownership of the Masjid land also (originally which has no legal documents, but now they posses it). It is because of thottoli families opposition to school education that time. They did not get any school education and not aware of the legal maters. Finally the power gone with the money and everything owned. The largest land owner became the law maker of that land.

Marakkar was the yeldest son of the Moideen kutty and he got five children, Ahammed kutty (my father's father), Abu, Muhammed, and veerayma.

The family tree is given below:
I Moideen Kutty
1. marakkar
5.Pathumma kutty
6.Beeran kutty

1. Marakkar
a. Ahammed kutty
b. Moideen kutty
c. abu
d. Muhammed
e. veeryma

a. Ahammed kutty
i. kadiyumma
ii. Muhammed (my father)
iii. Jameela

b. Moideen kutty

a. Bijakutty
c.Ithikkutty umma
a. Beeran kutty

a. hamza
c.moideen kutty

5.pathumma kutty (married with AT family)
a. kunjeedu (AT)
b. aboobaker
c. moideen kutty
d. muhammed

6.Beeran kutty
a. muhammed
b. saidalavi
c. sainudheen
d.aayisha kutty